Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening
Mammography screening is a program with regular intervals done for the purpose of detecting early breast cancer cases so as to reduce the mortality rate due to this cancer and also improve the therapeutic options available while noting that it is also accompanied with some side effects. Mammography is currently the only method proved to be capable of solving the above issues. The paragraphs below explain 3 of the pros of mammography screening and 3 of its cons, starting with the advantages. about this website
To begin with, the first advantage of this screening is that it reduces the mortality rate although it will be well evaluated years from now since it is hard to assess it for this one type of cancer when all cancers kill during the advanced stages. Mortality reduction for women participating in this program is estimated to reduce by over 35% for women participating in the program an 15% to 30% to all women receiving medical attention.
The other advantage of mammography screening is the improvement of the probability of early disease treatment through early detection which leads to reduced mastectomies number, reduced chemotherapy, and better results in the case of breast conservation.
Lastly, on advantages, mammography has enabled the installation of futuristic infrastructure that has been set up to improve coordination and cooperation between diagnosis disciplines which experienced a critical analysis where detection without subsequent assessments happened, something that has helped to improve the quality assurance of the diagnostic chain.
To begin on the shortcomings, the first is that mammography exposes the women to risks of radiation and other risks with the digital mammography techniques offering a dosage of 4mGy per breast, whose effect however decreases with the increase in age, as women beyond 40 years have less chances of dying due to breast cancer.
The second shortcoming of this program is that there is a risk of a false alarm, where, like all medical tests, mammography screening may sense abnormalities which ask for further assessment and still turn out to be benign, yet only few women are recalled to take the screen again meaning that they may take the false alarm with them as the results.
The last disadvantage of this program is that it comes with a risk of over diagnosis, a case which is made real by the discovery of more cancers by the screening, which if there were no scans, would not have become apparent, a disadvantage since the screening, in such a case does not help in reducing mortality and this can be proved by a study that proved that people who undergo the mammography scan have more likelihood of having breast cancer than those who do not, when age and composition remained the same for both groups. read more now
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